HOAR FAMILY PAPERS, 1738-1958 (BULK 1815-1935)

Vault A45, Hoar, Unit 1

ALS, President Grant to E.R. Hoar, 1870 June 15
ALS, President Grant to E.R. Hoar, 1870 June 15

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Finding aid copyright 1999, Concord Free Public Library



EXTENT:  4.5 linear feet (7 containers)
 

ORGANIZATION:  Six series:  I. Papers of Samuel (1778-1856) and Sarah Sherman Hoar, 1815-1862; II. Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar papers, [182-]-1895; III. Letters to Caroline Hoar (daughter of E.R. and Caroline Brooks Hoar), 1853-1862; IV. Samuel (1845-1904) Hoar and Helen Putnam Wadleigh Hoar papers, [ca. 1850]-1931; V. Samuel (1887-1952) Hoar papers, [189-]-1935; VI. Family collection (primarily miscellaneous manuscript items with some connection to Hoar family or to families related by marriage), 1738-1958.
 

FAMILY HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHIES:

I.  Family history:   Family of Concord and Lincoln, Massachusetts.  Descended from Charles Hoare of Gloucester, England (died 1638) and Joanna Hincksman Hoare.  Children of Charles and Joanna: Thomas; Margery; John; Daniel; Leonard; Joanna; and possibly Ruth (buried in England in 1628) and Charles.  About 1640, Joanna Hoare and five of her children (Margery, John, Daniel, Leonard, and Joanna) came to New England.  Joanna Hincksman Hoare died in Braintree in 1651.

Of the five Hoare children who came to New England, Margery married Henry Flint in Braintree.  John Hoare (ancestor of the Concord and Lincoln Hoars) settled in Scituate, sold his land there in 1659, and came to Concord.  He was living in Braintree in 1682.  According to Henry Stedman Nourse, Daniel Hoare was a trader in Boston, although he does not show up in the Boston records as a resident or property owner.  Lincoln historian Margaret Martin reports that Daniel owed Thomas Flint money, that he spent some time in Virginia, and that he is thought to have died in England.  Leonard graduated from Harvard College in 1650, returned to England in 1653, came back to New England in 1672, and served as president of Harvard College from 1672 to 1675.  Joanna married Edmund Quincy in 1648, died in 1680.

After coming to Concord from Scituate, John Hoare exchanged the land he first owned (near what is now MCI Concord) for land on the Bay Road (now Lexington Road), on the present Orchard House site.  He took initiative for housing the "Christian Indians" in Concord during King Philip's War, and also succeeded in ransoming Mary Rowlandson (wife of the minister of Lancaster, Massachusetts), who was held captive by the Native Americans after the attack on Lancaster in February of 1675/6.

John's son Daniel married Mary Stratton in Concord in 1677. Their son Daniel, born in 1680, married Sarah Jones in Concord in January of 1704/5.  Their son John, born in Concord in 1706/7, married Esther Peirce.

John's and Esther's son Samuel was born in 1743, in what would become Lincoln in 1754.  He married Susanna Peirce in Lincoln in 1773, served as a lieutenant of the Lincoln company at the Concord Fight on April 19, 1775.  He was later a Massachusetts representative and senator.  Like his father (John), grandfather (Daniel), and Great-grandfather (Daniel), Samuel was a farmer.

Samuel's son lawyer Samuel (1778-1856), born in Lincoln, is the earliest member of the family whose papers are represented in this collection.  He married Sarah Sherman in 1812.  Their children: Elizabeth (1814-1878), who was engaged to be married to Emerson's brother Charles (died 1836); Ebenezer Rockwood (1816-1895), lawyer, judge, congressman, and Attorney General of the United States; Sarah Sherman (born in 1817), who married Robert B. Storer in 1837; Samuel Johnson (1820-1821); Edward Sherman (1823-1893); and George Frisbie (1826-1904), lawyer and United States senator and representative.

Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar married Caroline Downes Brooks (daughter of Lincoln-born Concord lawyer Nathan Brooks) in 1840.  Their children:  Caroline, the eldest (birth date not recorded in the Concord vital records), who married Samuel Bellows Greene of Burlington, Vermont; Sarah Sherman (born and died in 1844); Samuel (1845-1904); Charles Emerson (1850-1912); Clara Downes (born 1852); Elizabeth (born 1854; married Samuel Bowles, editor of the Springfield Republican, in 1884); and Sherman (1860-1898).

Ebenezer's son Samuel (1845-1904), also a lawyer, married Kate Wise in Baltimore in 1871.  She died in 1877.  In 1886, he married Helen Putnam Wadleigh (born in Milford, New Hampshire, the daughter of Bainbridge and Ann M. Putnam Wadleigh).  Their children: Samuel (1887-1952); and John (1889-1972).

Lawyer Samuel Hoar (1887-1952), grandson of E.R. Hoar, married Helen Van Voast Warren of New York (daughter of William R. and Helen Van Voast Warren) in 1914.  Helen V.V.W. Hoar died in 1984.  Their children: Cynthia (born in Concord in 1915; married James B. Fisk; died in 1991); Virginia (born in Boston in 1921; later Mrs. Virginia H. Freccia/Frecha; currently--06/99--a resident of Stow, Massachusetts); and lawyer Samuel (born in Boston in 1927; married Martha Ford, daughter of Clement R. Ford; currently a resident of Essex, Massachusetts).
 

II.  Family biographies:

A.  Samuel Hoar (1778-1856):   Samuel Hoar, or "Squire Hoar," was one of the great 19th century lawyers of Massachusetts, a man of principle, morality, integrity, directness, and wide-ranging legal expertise.  He was born in Lincoln, Massachusetts, on May 18, 1778.  Prepared for college by the Rev. Charles Stearns, he graduated from Harvard College in 1802, earning tuition by teaching school in winter.

He spent two years in Virginia as a private tutor to the children of the Tyloe family, studied law with Artemas Ward in Charlestown, Massachusetts, and was admitted to the bar in 1803.  He practiced law in Concord from 1805.  He was highly respected and influential in the bar of Middlesex County.

Samuel Hoar married Sarah Sherman, daughter of Roger Sherman of Connecticut, on October 13, 1812.  With their six children, they made their home on Main Street in Concord, in what is now #158.

Politically, Samuel Hoar was a Federalist, later a Whig, and a founder of the Free Soil Party.  He served as a delegate to the Massachusetts constitutional convention of 1820, and as a member of the state senate in 1826, 1832, and 1833.  From 1835 to 1837, he represented the Middlesex District in the 24th Congress of the United States, succeeding Edward Everett. During his tenure in Washington, he upheld the power of Congress to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia.

In 1844, accompanied by his daughter Elizabeth, he went to South Carolina to test the constitutionality of that state's law, under which free black Massachusetts sailors were seized, imprisoned, and sometimes sold into slavery.  Threatened with mob violence, Hoar was forced to leave South Carolina against his will.

 In 1845, Hoar was elected to the Massachusetts Governor's Council.  He became a state representative in 1850.  In 1854, he chaired a committee appointed by the citizens of Concord to call a meeting of prominent public figures at the American House in Boston (July 7, 1854) in order to form a new party and to call a state convention.  Precipitated by anger over the Kansas-Nebraska bill, this convention (held in Worcester on September 7, 1854) resulted in the formation of the Republican Party of Massachusetts out of the Free Soil Party.

Samuel Hoar was active in Concord town and church government, and as an advocate of temperance and education, as well as in state and national politics.  He served many times as moderator of Concord's town meeting.  He was an overseer of Harvard College and a member of the Social Circle in Concord.

He died in 1856, his wife in 1866.  Their daughter Elizabeth remained in the Main Street house after the death of her parents.  Two of Samuel Hoar's sons, Ebenezer Rockwood and George Frisbie, also had distinguished legal and political careers.

B.  Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar (1816-1895):   Like his distinguished father, Judge Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar was a lawyer, a key member of the Middlesex Bar, an active citizen of Concord, and a public servant at the state and national levels as well.  A cultivated and sociable man with a good sense of humor, he was as comfortable among members of the Saturday Club as he was in a court of law.

Known familiarly as "Rockwood," E.R. Hoar was born in Concord on February 21, 1816, the second child of Samuel and Sarah Sherman Hoar.  He graduated from Harvard College in 1835, began the study of law in his father's office, and graduated from Harvard Law School in 1839.

 E.R. Hoar was a Whig, a Free Soiler, and a Republican.  He entered politics in 1840 as a delegate to the Whig Young Men's Convention for Middlesex County and a supporter of Whig candidate William Henry Harrison.

On November 20, 1840, E.R. Hoar married Caroline Downes Brooks, daughter of lawyer Nathan Brooks and his first wife Caroline Downes Brooks.  (Mrs. Hoar's half-brother was George Merrick Brooks, a lawyer and probate judge.)  In 1845, Hoar built an impressive Greek Revival house on Main Street in Concord (now #194), near his parents' home.  E.R. and Caroline Hoar had seven children.

E.R. Hoar was a judge of the Court of Common Pleas from 1849 to 1855, a justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court from 1859 to 1869, United States Attorney General in the cabinet of Ulysses S. Grant from 1869 to 1870, and a representative in the United States Congress from 1873 to 1875.

He was also a proponent of abolition.  In 1859, when United States Marshal's deputies attempted to arrest F.B. Sanborn for his involvement in John Brown's raid on the United States arsenal at Harper's Ferry, West Virginia, E.R. Hoar issued the writ of habeas corpus that prevented them from doing so.

A capable Attorney General, Hoar was nominated by Grant to the Supreme Court.  He was passed over, however, largely because of his insistence on filling public positions on the basis of competence and merit rather than patronage.

In 1871, Hoar agreed to serve on a joint commission to frame a treaty to settle the Alabama claims against Great Britain for damage done during the Civil War by Confederate warships built in Liverpool.  Secretary of State Hamilton Fish negotiated the Treaty of Washington.

 In 1876, Hoar ran against Benjamin Butler for Congress, but was defeated.  He was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in the same year.

E.R. Hoar was a member of both the Saturday Club (other members of which included Emerson, Longfellow, Holmes, Henry James, Sr., Hawthorne, and C.E. Norton) and of its offshoot the Adirondack Club.  (The Concord Free Public Library Art Collection includes a William James Stillman painting, "Philosophers' Camp in the Adirondacks," which shows Emerson, Agassiz, Hoar, and others near Follansbee Pond in the Adirondacks in 1858.)

Hoar was an overseer and a member of the corporation of Harvard College, a member of the Social Circle in Concord and of Concord's School Committee, chairman of the Concord Town Library Committee and president of the Concord Free Public Library Corporation (1873-1894), and was active in the American Unitarian Association.  He was a member of the Committee on General Invitations for the 1875 celebration in Concord of the centennial of the Concord Fight.  (Ulysses S. Grant was Hoar's guest while in Concord for the celebration.)  In 1894 (the year in which Patriots' Day was made a Massachusetts holiday), Hoar delivered the April 19th address at the First Parish in Concord.

E.R. and Caroline Hoar celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary in 1890.  Mrs. Hoar died on June 23, 1892, Mr. Hoar on January 31, 1895.

C.  Samuel Hoar (1845-1904):   Lawyer Samuel Hoar, the third child and oldest son of Ebenezer Rockwood and Caroline Brooks Hoar, was born in Concord on September 27, 1845.  From 1856 to 1862, he attended Frank Sanborn's private school on Sudbury Road in Concord.  He spent childhood summers in Acton and with Tarbell relatives in Lincoln, doing farm work.

In 1862, eager to take part in the Civil War, he enlisted without parental consent in a Maine regiment, in Portland.  His father had him transferred to Company E of the 48th Regiment of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, which left Massachusetts for New York on December 27, 1862, moved on to New Orleans, and, after several months of camp duty in Baton Rouge, was involved in the attack on Port Hudson.  Port Hudson was surrendered July 8, 1863.  Samuel Hoar took part in active fighting, conducting himself honorably.  He kept a diary and wrote detailed letters home recording his military experiences and his observations on the local landscape and people.  He became ill in July of 1863, was sent home in August, and mustered out on September 3.

Samuel Hoar entered Harvard in 1864, graduated in 1867.  He was a member of the Hasty Pudding Club and Institute of 1770 there.

After graduation, he studied law with his uncle George Frisbie Hoar in Worcester, Massachusetts (1867-1868), clerked in the offices of William M. Evarts (1868-1869) and of E.R. Hoar (March-July, 1869), and then studied for a year at Harvard Law School.  In 1870, he was admitted to practice law before state courts.

He began his life as a professional in his father's office in Boston.  In 1871, he became a member of the bar of the United States Circuit Court, in 1890 of the bar of the United States Supreme Court.  In October of 1887, he became general counsel for and a director of the Boston and Albany Railroad Company.  He then divided his time between work for the railroad and his private practice.  In 1896, he was made trustee, vice chair, and general counsel for the Boston Terminal Company.

When Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar died in 1895, Samuel's brother Sherman became involved in the Boston office.  Samuel largely withdrew from the practice after Sherman's death in 1898.

Samuel Hoar was editor of the American Law Review for six years, beginning in 1873.  He was a member of the council of the Middlesex Bar Association, and a member of the council and vice president of the Bar Association of the City of Boston.

On October 12, 1871, Samuel Hoar married Kate Wise in Baltimore.  They lived in Concord, in half of the double house that is now 204/206 Main Street, next to his father's home. Kate Hoar died on February 3, 1877.  Samuel married Helen Putnam Wadleigh (daughter of Bainbridge Wadleigh, former New Hampshire member of the United States Senate) in 1886.  Their two sons, Samuel and John, were born in 1887 and 1889.

Samuel Hoar was deeply involved in the municipal affairs of Concord and in town life.  He was a member of the Committee of Arrangements for the celebration in 1875 of the centennial of the Concord Fight, of the Committee of Invitations for the celebration in 1900 of the 125th anniversary of the Concord Fight, and of the executive committee of the Social Circle in Concord celebration of the centenary of the birth of Ralph Waldo Emerson on May 25, 1903 (on which occasion he was also a speaker). He served as a Water Commissioner, a member of the Board of Selectmen and the Board of Health, a Trustee of Town Donations, president of the Concord Free Public Library Corporation, Tree Warden, and chair of the executive committee of Concord's War Committee during the War of 1898.  He was a member of the First Parish in Concord, the Concord Antiquarian Society, the Social Circle in Concord, a supporter of Concord's Home for the Aged, president of the Middlesex Institution for Savings, and moderator of Concord's town meeting.

Beyond Concord, Samuel Hoar served as an overseer and a member of the Corporation of Harvard College, a trustee of the Massachusetts School for the Feebleminded, vice president of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society and of the Massachusetts Hospital Life Insurance Company, a member of the American Unitarian Association, and of the Union, Somerset, and Saturday Clubs.

Following in the family tradition, Samuel Hoar was a Republican.  In 1878, he was a member of the Republican State Committee.  In 1881, he served as a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives.

Samuel Hoar travelled extensively.  Following the death of his first wife, he journeyed to California to visit his brother Charles Emerson Hoar.  In 1882, he travelled in the South, in 1883 to England, in 1886 to Europe, in 1890 across the country via railroad, in 1891 to Cuba, in 1899 to Egypt, Greece, and Italy, and in 1901 to England, with numerous more local excursions between major trips.

Mr. Hoar was admired and appreciated for his legal knowledge, skill in argument, gift of story-telling and mischievous streak, loyalty, honesty, sense of civic responsibility, appreciation of nature and of outdoor activity, hospitality, and generosity.  He died in Concord on April 11, 1904.  His widow raised their young children and was a presence in the lives of their grandchildren.

D.  Samuel Hoar (1887-1952):   Lawyer and outdoorsman Samuel Hoar was born in Concord on August 21, 1887 to Samuel (1845-1904) and Helen Putnam Wadleigh Hoar.  He was educated in Concord schools--Miss Weir's kindergarten, Miss Jane Hosmer's school, the Concord Grammar School (Emerson School), Concord High School, and Middlesex School.  He graduated from Harvard College in 1909, from Harvard Law School in 1912.  Although he possessed a keen mind and a powerful ability to concentrate, he was not a scholar.  He preferred athletics, the outdoor life, and socializing to studying.  He loved exploring the rivers, woods, and fields of Concord, hunting, fishing, and observing bird, animal, and plant life.

While at Harvard, he was a member of the Hasty Pudding Club and Institute of 1770, Delphic Club, Phoenix Club, and DKE.  He also played college football.

Samuel Hoar was admitted to the Massachusetts Bar in August of 1912 and entered the Legal Department of the Boston  Elevated Railway Company.  In 1914, he became a partner with McLellan, Carney, and Brickley in Boston.  In January of 1916, he became Assistant District Attorney for the Northern Middlesex District.   A year and a half later, he joined the Boston firm of Goodwin, Procter, and Ballantine, and was made a partner after another year.  In 1919, the firm became Goodwin, Procter, and Hoar.

A corporal in Company I of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia (with Cavalry Troop B, which was headquartered in Boston), Samuel Hoar was honorably discharged from the Army in November, 1918, from the Reserve Officers Training Corps, Light Artillery, at Camp Zacchary Taylor in Louisville, Kentucky, to which he had been posted in September, 1918.

On June 6, 1914, Samuel Hoar married Helen Van Voast Warren. They lived in Concord in Ephraim Bull's Grapevine Cottage on Lexington Road for six years, then in the former home of Squire Samuel Hoar, Samuel's great-grandfather (now #158 Main Street), and finally in a house on Great Meadows Road designed for them by Andrew Hepburn.  Their daughters Cynthia and Virginia were born in 1915 and 1921, their son Samuel in 1927.

Like his father, Samuel Hoar was an avid traveller.  He visited Labrador, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, New Orleans, Maine, the Great Lakes, Yellowstone, England, France, Scotland, Ireland, Alaska, Oregon, Gibraltar, and the Azores.  He found good hunting and fishing in New Brunswick, North Carolina, and elsewhere.

In 1944, Samuel Hoar donated to the federal government multiple parcels of meadowland on the Concord River, which became the nucleus of the Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.  As a hunter and an observer of wildlife, he loved Concord's Great Meadows.  He had devoted considerable thought and energy to enhancing the meadows as a resting place for migrating birds and over the years had bought up parcels from individual owners.  His gift to the government was later supplemented by subsequent acquisitions, extending the refuge beyond Concord into Bedford, Billerica, Carlisle, Lincoln, Sudbury, and Wayland.

Samuel Hoar was prominent in Concord civic and social life. He was involved with the Middlesex Institution for Savings in several capacities (as corporator, president, member of the Board of Directors and of the Investment Committee).  He was also a director of the Concord National Bank and later the Harvard Trust and of the Middlesex Mutual Fire Insurance Company, a trustee of the Middlesex School (1926-1940), and a member of the Social Circle in Concord from 1914.  He was elected a member of the Republican Town Committee in 1914.  He became a selectman in 1921.  He was a member of the Standing Committee and a Trustee of the Congregational Ministerial Fund of the First Parish in Concord, a long-time member of the town's Water and Sewer Commission, and a member of the Concord Free Public Library Corporation (1926-1952).  He served as moderator from 1945 to 1948, and on a variety of town committees.

Toward the end of his life, Samuel Hoar grew disenchanted with the accelerated pace of change in his native town.  He built a house in Stow, Massachusetts, where he died on August 18, 1952.  Mrs. Hoar died in 1984.  Their daughter Virginia Frecha currently (06/99) lives in Stow, their son Samuel (also a lawyer) in Essex, Massachusetts.  Their daughter Cynthia Fisk died in 1991.

SOURCES FOR FAMILY HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHIES:

Concord, Mass.  Birth, marriage, and death records, 1850-ca. 1935 (unpublished; transcribed from original vital records; housed in the Concord Free Public Library Special Collections).

Concord, Mass.  Concord, Massachusetts Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1635-1850 ([1895]).

Concord, Mass.  Historical Commission.  "158 Main Street: Samuel Hoar House," pages [365]-[369] in Survey of Historical and Architectural Resources, Concord, Massachusetts, Volume II (1994).

Concord, Mass.  Historical Commission.  "194 Main Street: Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar House," pages [399]-[403] in Survey of Historical and Architectural Resources, Concord, Massachusetts, Volume II (1994).

Concord Free Public Library.  Special Collections.  Obituary and events scrapbooks, with indexes.

Emerson, Edward W.  "Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar," pages [1]-130 in Memoirs of Members of the Social Circle in Concord, Fourth Series (1909).

French, Allen.  "Two Concord Laymen: John and Samuel Hoar," reprinted from Proceedings of the Unitarian Historical Society, Vol. V, Pt. I ([1936]).

Haynes, George H.  "Hoar, Ebenezer Rockwood," in Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. 10, pages 86-87.

Haynes, George H.  "Hoar, Samuel," in Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. 10, pages 89-90.

Hoar, Ebenezer Rockwood.  "Samuel Hoar," pages [30]-53 in Memoirs of Members of the Social Circle in Concord, Third Series (1907).

Hudson, Woodward.  "Samuel Hoar," pages [265]-293 of Memoirs of Members of the Social Circle in Concord, Fourth Series (1909).

Lincoln, MassVital Records of Lincoln Massachusetts to the Year 1850 (1908).

Newbury, Egbert S., Jr.  "Samuel Hoar," pages 141-163, Memoirs of Members of the Social Circle in Concord, Sixth Series (1975).

Nourse, Henry Stedman.  The Hoar Family in America and Its English Ancestry: A Compilation from Collections Made by the Hon. George Frisbie Hoar (1899).

Storey, Moorfield, and Edward W. Emerson. Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar: A Memoir (1911).
 

SCOPE AND CONTENT:   Papers, 1738-1958 (bulk 1815-1935), generated or collected by five generations of the Hoar family of Concord, Massachusetts.  Collection consists of papers of lawyer Samuel Hoar (1778-1856) and his wife Sarah Sherman Hoar; papers of Samuel's son, lawyer and judge Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar; papers of Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar's daughter Caroline; papers of E. R. Hoar's son lawyer Samuel (1845-1904) and of Samuel's wife Helen Putnam Wadleigh Hoar (including letters and keepsakes to their grandmother from Helen's young granddaughters Cynthia and Virginia Hoar); and papers of lawyer Samuel (1887-1952), son of E.R. Hoar's son Samuel and father of Cynthia and Virginia.  Also includes miscellaneous items with some connection to the Hoar family or to families related by marriage.

Forms and types of materials within the collection include: correspondence; manuscripts; financial papers; a range of materials reflecting the involvement of family members in local, state, and federal government; printed items (ephemera, newspapers, clippings, political cartoon); academic progress reports; some genealogical material; passports; a daguerreotype; and a military dog tag.
 

SERIES DESCRIPTIONS:

Series I.  Papers of Samuel (1778-1856) and Sarah Sherman Hoar, 1815-1862:   Series contains correspondence, manuscripts, one printed item, and financial papers.  The Samuel Hoar papers, 1815-1854, include correspondence, 1828-1854, in three sequences: letters to Samuel Hoar, arranged alphabetically by correspondent; responses to an 1854 circular sent by a committee (chaired by Samuel Hoar) to call a meeting at the American House in Boston to form a new party and to call a state convention, arranged alphabetically by respondent; and three letters from Samuel Hoar (to sister Polly F. Farrar; to Dr. James Jackson regarding Edward Jarvis; to Rev. Ezra Ripley).

Although not extensive, the sequences of letters to Samuel Hoar are significant.  The sequence of general correspondence contains letters to Hoar from: Arthur W. Austin; J.C. Bates; Jeremiah Day; Edward B. Emerson; William Emerson; E.R. Hoar; Andrew Jackson; Theodore Lyman; Isaac Parker; John Pickering; Josiah Quincy; Lemuel Shaw; Daniel Webster.  Respondents to the 1854 circular include: Charles Francis Adams; D.W. Atwood; Linus Child; C.M. Ellis; Richard Fletcher; John Gardner; William H. Hewes; Foster Hooper; Amos A. Lawrence; Levi Lincoln; Josiah Lovett; George Marston; G.W. Merton; Marcus Morton, Jr.; John C. Park; S.C. Phillips; A.R. Thompson; Amasa Walker; Henry Wenzell.

Samuel Hoar papers also include: a Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court docket (October term, 1816); a report by the Concord Town Treasurer for 1815, signed by Charles Wheeler, Grosvenor Tarbell, and Samuel Hoar as members of the committee chosen to examine the Treasurer's accounts; a printed notice, Republican Convention in Lexington, 1828; and two letters (both 1815) to N[athaniel] P. Hoare, "Counsellor at Law, Portsmouth, New Hampshire" [brother of Samuel], from N.A. Haven, Jr.

Sarah Sherman Hoar papers include correspondence, 1836 and 1853, and financial papers, 1822-1862.  The correspondence consists of one letter from Sarah S. Hoar to her sister Elizabeth Baldwin and one from Samuel Hoar to his wife.  Financial papers include four receipts: for payment to Phebe Wheeler, "To schooling ten children ... ," 1822 Mar. 26; for payment to Harriet Moore, "To instructing your daughter Elizabeth ... , your daughter Sarah S. ... , Nancy & Oliver Hadley ... ," 1825 Mar. 24; for payment to Josiah Davis for plaid and cambrick, 1831 Apr. 6; for payment to Town of Concord for War Tax, 1862 July 18.

Series II.   Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar papers, [182-]-1895:   The most extensive and richest series in the collection, the Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar papers include: letters to E.R. Hoar, 1847-1895, alphabetically by correspondent; responses (1874-1875) to the Committee on General Invitations for the celebration in Concord of the centennial of the Concord Fight, alphabetically by respondent; manuscripts, [182-]-[1890]; printed ephemera, 1820-1885.

The letters to E.R. Hoar shed light on Hoar's friendships, including those with other members of the Saturday Club, on his political associations, and on his family relationships.  Among his correspondents: Charles Francis Adams; Louis Agassiz; John A. Andrew; George Bancroft; James G. Blaine; Sherman Hoar Bowles (grandson); Phillips Brooks; Thomas Carlyle; S.P. Chase; Joseph H. Choate; James Freeman Clarke; J.D. Cox; George William Curtis; Richard Henry Dana, Jr.; J.C.B. Davis; M.A. Dodge; Ralph Waldo Emerson; William M. Evarts; Edward Everett; Hamilton Fish; John Murray Forbes; Dwight Foster; Frederick T. Frelinghuysen; J.C. Fremont; Daniel Chester French; J.A. Garfield; Ulysses S. Grant; Horace Gray; E.W. Gurney; Edward Everett Hale; Hannibal Hamlin; Nathaniel Hawthorne; Una Hawthorne; R.B. Hayes; Brooke Herford; Stephen Higginson; Thomas Wentworth Higginson; Edward Sherman Hoar (brother); George Frisbie Hoar (brother); Samuel Hoar (father); Samuel Hoar (son); John Holmes; Oliver Wendell Holmes (1809-1894); Oliver Wendell Holmes (1841-1935); Thomas Hughes; Charles R. Ingersoll; Andrew Johnson; John Lothrop Motley; Charles Eliot Norton; Charles W. Palfray; Edwards Pierrepont; James Ford Rhodes; Alex. H. Rice; M.G. Russell; Carl Schurz; William T. Sherman; William Wetmore Story; Charles Sumner; Lord Tenterden (Charles Stuart Aubrey Abbott); Edw. Thornton; H.P. Walcott; Darwin Ware; Booker T. Washington; John G. Whittier; Samuel Willard.

The sequence of letters to E.R. Hoar from his son Samuel excludes Samuel's Civil War letters home, 1862-1863, which have been kept together and filed chronologically in Series IV, regardless of to whom written.  Many are addressed to more than one family member.  Moreover, as a group they provide a coherent, sequential picture of Samuel's Civil War service. Breaking the letters up on the basis of correspondent would be impracticable and would make them difficult for the researcher to consult.

 The Concord Free Public Library has long had the records of the Committee of Arrangements for the 1875 celebration in Concord of the centennial of the Concord Fight.  These records include many responses to the formal invitations sent out by the Committee on General Invitations, of which E.R. Hoar was a member.  Hoar clearly kept some of the responses with his  personal papers rather than incorporating them into the records of the celebration, and they have now come to the Library as  part of this collection:  Respondents to the Committee's invitation in the E.R. Hoar papers include: A.B. Anthony; N.P. Banks; George W. Childs; Joseph H. Choate; Samuel L. Clemens; Frederick Douglass; George F. Edmunds; William M. Evarts; Hamilton Fish; Daniel Chester French (written from Florence, Italy); William Lloyd Garrison; Hannibal Hamlin; Winfield Scott  Hancock; Oliver Wendell Holmes; J. Whitelaw Reid; John Revere; William T. Sherman; John G. Whittier.  Some of the letters of response in this sequence (including the moving letter from Daniel Chester French) were published in the Proceedings at the Centennial Celebration of Concord Fight, April 19, 1875 (1876), pages 147-156.

The E.R. Hoar papers include the following manuscript items: "The History of Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar, written by his sister, Elizabeth Hoar.  Designed for the use of young persons" ([182-]), which was printed in the Edward Waldo Emerson biography of E.R. Hoar in the Memoirs of Members of the Social Circle in Concord, Fourth Series, p. 7; historical notes and verse on the American Revolution and the 19th of April; historical notes on Harvard College (which was held in Concord 1775/1776); manuscript copy of "Deposition of the Wife of Capt. Davis," read by E.R. Hoar at the centennial celebration of the Concord Fight (see the Social Circle memoir of E.R.H., p. 93); manuscript list captioned "Speakers"; "The Chandos Portrait of Shakespeare"; "Ode to the Fourth Article," initialled and dated "SHN [Stafford H. Northcote] May 1871"; "Ode to the Fourth Article" (partial manuscript copy); verses beginning "Says Mr. Fish, The American wish ... "; verses captioned "Waldo Higginson," "Henry W. Torrey," "Mr. John S. Dwight," "Charles Storey," and (following verses) "John Holmes, by M.L.W."; financial listing on American Unitarian Association letterhead; [anniversary verse for Mr. and Mrs. E.R. Hoar, 1890]; "An act to provide for certain deficiencies in the appropriations for the Post Office Department for the year ending February 18th 1862."

Printed ephemeral items in the E.R. Hoar papers include: pamphlet, Sir Francis and Henry: Characters from Real Life: A Tale (Boston: Wells and Lilly, 1820; inscribed "Rockwood Hoar new year gift from M. Haywood"); program, Harvard University, Cambridge.  Order of Performances for Exhibition, Tuesday, April 28, 1835 (with E.R. Hoar listed as the last speaker on the program); admission ticket to the Temple Church; Passages from a Letter by Judge E. Rockwood Hoar to His Son, Samuel Hoar, Who Had Just Started for the War (from a letter dated 1862 Dec. 15; original manuscript letter in Series IV of the Hoar family papers); pamphlet by Charles Hudson, Abstract of the History of Lexington, Mass., from Its First Settlement to the Centennial Anniversary of the Declaration of Our National Independence (Boston: Press of T. Marrin & Son, 1876); invitation to reunion dinner of the "Med.Fac." club at Harvard; Delmonico's menu, 1885 Apr. 6, with autographs on verso (Wm. M. Evarts, Henry Ward Beecher); political cartoon, captioned "The Widow," including caricature of E.R. Hoar.

Series III.  Letters to Caroline Hoar (daughter of E.R. and Caroline Brooks Hoar), 1853-1862 (exclusive of Civil War letters home from brother Samuel, 1862-1863, which are filed in Series IV):   Series contains nineteen letters to Caroline Hoar as a child and young woman, from several family members--sisters Clara and Elizabeth (Beth), brother Samuel, and grandmother Sarah Sherman Hoar.

Series IV.  Samuel (1845-1904) Hoar and Helen Putnam Wadleigh Hoar papers, [ca. 1850]-1931:   Series includes: correspondence; manuscript lecture; daguerreotype; newspapers; passports; academic reports; children's letters (some with drawings); and one financial item.  The Samuel Hoar papers include one sequence of letters from Samuel Hoar and three to him; a manuscript lecture ("Delivered before 'The Institute of 1770' [at Harvard], Friday Dec. 23rd 1864"; a daguerreotype of Samuel Hoar as a young boy ([ca. 1850]); three Civil War newspapers (The Opelousas Courier for Jan. 17 and Apr. 30, 1863, the Apr. 30 issue printed on the blank verso of wallpaper, and The New York Herald for Jan. 1, 1865); two passports (1878, 1898).

The sequence of over forty Civil War letters home from Samuel Hoar, Sept. 1862-Aug. 1863 (arranged chronologically), comprises a valuable resource for researchers interested in personal narratives of the war.  Written to his parents, uncle, aunt, sisters, and brother, the letters provide a detailed picture of his military experiences and his observations of Louisiana.  Two of the letters included in the sequence were written to E.R. Hoar by Samuel's comrade Charles Howes while Samuel was incapacitated by illness.

Among the correspondents in the main sequence of letters to Samuel Hoar: Charles Francis Adams; A. Agassiz; T.B. Aldrich; Simeon E. Baldwin; John Bellows; George S. Boutwell; J. Appleton Burns; J.D. Cox; Edward Waldo Emerson; W.A. Field; John Murray Forbes; Daniel Chester French; Horace Gray; John C. Gray; Edward Everett Hale; George Hart (Secretary to Pres. McKinley); John Hay; E.R. Hoar; George Frisbie Hoar; John Holmes; Oliver Wendell Holmes (1841-1935); William C. Hunt; William Laurence; Henry Cabot Lodge; Charles E. Norton; William Sullivan; Booker T. Washington; Roger Wolcott.

The responses to Samuel Hoar as a member of the Committee of Invitation for the 125th anniversary of the Concord Fight in 1900 include letters (arranged alphabetically by correspondent) from: Charles J. Bonaparte; George S. Boutwell; W.M. Crane; Oliver Wendell Holmes; Roger Wolcott.  Correspondence to Samuel Hoar as a member of the executive committee for the Social Circle in Concord celebration of the centenary of the birth of Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1903) includes letters (also arranged alphabetically) from: A. Agassiz; Edith Emerson Forbes; Henry Lee Higginson; William James; Francis C. Lowell; Charles E. Norton; Franklin B. Sanborn; Sarah [Storer]; Horace White; and others.

The Samuel Hoar and Helen Putnam Wadleigh Hoar papers include a sequence of letters written by the young Samuel Hoar (1887-1952) to his mother, father, or to both parents between 1894 and 1905, arranged chronologically, and a sequence of academic reports and correspondence, 1899-1906, relating to Samuel's progress in school.  The correspondence relating to Samuel's schooling, addressed primarily to Mrs. Hoar, contains letters from W.L. Eaton (Concord Superintendent of Schools), Frederick Winsor (Headmaster, Middlesex School), and E.H. Wells (of Harvard University).

The Helen Putnam Wadleigh Hoar papers consist mainly of letters to Mrs. Hoar from a variety of correspondents (Charles Francis Adams, Lilian Aldrich, Thomas Bailey Aldrich, Charles Allen, Walter A. Carr, H.L. Dawes, Charles W. Eliot, Edmund H. Garrett, George T. Goodspeed, Henry Lee Higginson, George Frisbie Hoar, Jennie R. Houston, Woodward Hudson, William Laurence, [Sarah Storer], Moorfield Storey, May Alden Ward, and Horace White, among others), and of letters and keepsakes from her granddaughters Cynthia and Virginia, 1922-1931.  They include one receipted bill from son Samuel for his allowance (Feb., 1900).

Series V.  Samuel (1887-1952) Hoar papers, [189-]-1935:   This series includes: five letters (one from grandfather E.R. Hoar), 1894-1935, filed alphabetically by correspondent; manuscripts (Samuel Hoar's pencil and watercolor botany book, [189-], and undated notes relating to legal cases); and printed ephemera (Harvard Freshman Musical Clubs programs for May 8 and May 23, 1909).

Series VI.  Family collection (primarily miscellaneous manuscript items with some connection to Hoar family or to families related by marriage), 1738-1958:   Series includes: Peter Wheeler papers, 1776, 1811 (which, since Peter Wheeler married Phebe Brooks of Lincoln in 1788, may have come into the Hoar family through Caroline Brooks Hoar--Mrs. E.R. Hoar); biographical and genealogical typescript about Samuel  (1778-1856) and Sarah Sherman Hoar;  H.W. Longfellow note excusing G.M. Brooks from German at Harvard (which likely came into the papers through Caroline Brooks Hoar, half-sister of George Merrick Brooks);  Wadleigh family papers--temperance pledge, Mason W. Tappan to B. Wadleigh, 1855 July 6, and Wadleigh records (entries for births, marriages, and deaths, 1831-1888, apparently recorded 1888, which came into the collection through Helen Putnam Wadleigh Hoar--Mrs. Samuel (1845-1904) Hoar); Richard Colt Hoare letter to "Dear Sir," to accompany gift of a book to the London Library (Richard Colt Hoare: born 1758, died 1838; British historian and author who lived in Stourhead); one page from "A Book of Record for the Church of Christ in Concord" [First Parish in Concord] (transcript?; dated 1738);  ALS, Elisha Jones of Concord to Lewis Vose of Milton, 1797 Mar. 14, regarding payment of taxes for Benjamin Harwood of Flintstown [Maine];  receipt for payment, Charitable Female Society to E. Thoreau, 1824 Jan. 27, for  schooling twelve children;  autographs (cut out of letters)--Josiah Bartlett (in envelope), J. Appleton Burns, Benjamin Butler; TLS, Amy Lowell to Mrs. Wendell, 1919 Aug. 14, declining invitation to join Colonial Dames;  Rich family items--receipt to Eugene F. Rich for payment to D. Francis Murphy, General Insurance, Hudson, Mass., 1958 Apr. 12, and military dog tag of John E. Rich (which may have come into the papers because, as Virginia Hoar Frecha recalls, a member of the Rich family worked for her mother, Helen Van Voast Warren Hoar);  clippings on various topics (some relating to Senator G.F. Hoar, some to Patriots' Day in Concord).
 

PROVENANCE:   The papers have been passed down through the Hoar family, as generated, from Samuel Hoar, to his son Ebenezer Rockwood, to Ebenezer's son Samuel, grandson Samuel, and great-granddaughter Virginia Hoar Frecha.
 

SOURCE OF ACQUISITION:   Presented by Virginia Hoar Frecha, March 23, 1999.
 

ASSOCIATED MATERIALS:   The Concord Free Public Library Special Collections also include a small, artificially created collection of Hoar family papers, acquired from various sources, the manuscript of Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar's address at the dedication of Memorial Hall at Harvard in 1870, the manuscript of his speech at the 19th of April celebration in Concord in 1894, E.R. Hoar's manuscript biography of Jonathan Fay Barrett (written for publication in Memoirs of Members of the Social Circle in Concord, Third Series), and individual E.R. Hoar letters in other collections of personal papers (Ralph Waldo Emerson papers and William Munroe papers, for example). Responses to the Committee on General Invitations for the 1875 celebration of the centennial  of the Concord Fight in addition to those in the E.R. Hoar papers are found in the Special Collections, in the records of the Committee of Arrangements for the celebration.  Letters by Caroline Brooks Hoar as a young woman are located in Concord's Nathan Brooks family papers, and transcribed Elizabeth Hoar (sister of Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar) papers in the Elizabeth Hoar papers of Elizabeth Maxfield Miller, also in the Concord Free Public Library.   The Massachusetts Historical Society holds a major collection of George Frisbie Hoar papers, the Library of Congress a small collection of Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar correspondence.  Various collections of personal papers and records in a number of institutions (Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston Athenaeum, Library of Congress, Illinois State Historical Library, University of Michigan, University of Arizona, Haverford College, among others) include letters from members of the Hoar family.
 

PUBLICATIONS:   The papers have been consulted in the preparation of biographical pieces about members of the Hoar family, in particular the published Social Circle in Concord memoirs of the Hoars whose papers are included in the collection.  Some of the letters written to E.R. Hoar as a member of the Committee on General Invitations for the 1875 celebration in Concord of the centennial of the Concord Fight were published in Proceedings at the Centennial Celebration of Concord Fight, April 19, 1875 (1876), pages 147-156.
 

NOTES/COMMENTS:   Accessioned Apr. 1, 1999; AMC 031.
 

PROCESSED BY:   LPW, with assistance from volunteers Marie Eaton and Gretchen Frasier; finding aid  completed June 10, 1999.
 
 

CONTAINER LIST
 
 

SERIES  I.  PAPERS OF SAMUEL (1778-1856)
AND SARAH SHERMAN HOAR, 1815-1862:

A.  Samuel Hoar papers, 1815-1854:

B. Sarah Sherman Hoar papers, 1822-1862: A.  Letters to E.R. Hoar, 1847-1895, alphabetically by correspondent (exclusive of Civil War letters home from son Samuel, 1862-1863, which have been kept together and filed chronologically in Series IV, regardless of correspondent):

Box 2, Folder 1
Adams-Agassiz:
Adams, Charles Francis:  1873 June 2
                                        1895 Jan. 9
                                        [no year given] Sept. 5
                                        [no year given] Dec. 31
Agassiz, Elizabeth C.:  1894 Oct. 11
Agassiz, Louis:  1860 Nov. 1
                          1862 Feb. 1
                          1862 Aug. 19
                          1862 Aug. 22
                          1862 Sept. 26
                          1862 Oct. 2
                          1863 Feb. 7
                          1863 Feb. 8
                          1889 [?    ?]
                         “Mr. S. Hooper” engraved calling card, with signature “L. Agassiz” pencilled at top

Box 2, Folder 2
Andrew-Blaine:
Andrew, John A.:  1861 July 1
                             1861 July 8
                             1864 Nov. 14
                             1865 Dec. 5
Bancroft, George:  1860 June 6
                              1875 June 8
                              1885 Jan. 21
Bewick?, ----:  1885 Jan. 14
Blaine, James G.:  1872 Nov. 6
                             1874 July 11
                             1874 July 15
                             1874 July 20
                             1874 July 21
                             1875 June 26
                             1875 Aug. 21
                             1875 Aug. 28
                             1875 Sept. 4
                             1875 Sept. 4 (duplicate)
                             1876 Apr. 2
                             1884 Aug. 2, plus envelope

Box 2, Folder 3
Bowles-Curtis:
Bowles, Sherman Hoar (grandson of E.R.H.):  1894 Dec. 18 (“Duplicate”)
Brooks, Phillips:  1879 Oct. 18, to “My dear Mr. Fields”1891 June 29
Carlyle, Thomas:  1847 May 10 1847 May 10 (letter of introduction for E.R.H., to Rev. W.H. Thompson)
Chase, S.P.:  1869 Mar. 26
                      1870 Apr. 12
Choate, Joseph H.:  1881 June 28
                                1885 June 18
Clarke, James Freeman:  1876 Dec. 12
Clement, Clara Erskine:  1882 May 9
Cowdin, Elliot C.:  1876 Mar. 27, to Roscoe Conkling (manuscript of telegram)
Cox, J.D.:  1871 Oct. 10
                  1876 Aug. 28
Curtis, George William:  1875 Apr. 27
                                      1875 May 20
                                      1876 Aug. 25

Box 2, Folder 4
Dana-Emerson:
Dana, Richard Henry, Jr.:  1869 Mar. 24
                                         1869 May 24
                                         1877 June 25
                                         1882 Feb. 15
Davis, Frederica G.:  [no year given] Dec. 17
Davis, J.C.B.:  1871 June 20
                        1871 July 6
                        1871 Aug. 11
                        1871 Nov. 11
Dodge, M.A.:  1884 June 14
                        1893 Jan. 23
Emerson, Ralph Waldo:  1847 Apr. 1 (letter of introduction for E.R.H., to Harriet Martineau)
                                       1864 Jan. 31
                                       1866 Jan. 1
                                       1869 Apr. 9
                                        [no year given] Nov. 29

Box 2, Folder 5
Evarts-Fish:
Evarts, William M.:  1860 Aug. 2
                                1879 Oct. 26
                                1881 Jan. 19
                                1887 Aug. 26
                                1895 Jan. 7
Everett, Edward:  1858 Nov. 23
                             1861 June 11
Fish, Hamilton:  [1869 May] printed invitation, with manuscript additions, to dinner on May 28 [1869]
                         1869 May 28
                         1871 Apr. 4
                         1871 May 14
                         1871 June 18, plus envelope
                         1873 Mar. 30
                         1874 July 24
                         1875 Jan. 23
                         1875 Mar. 14
                         1875 Apr. 28
                         1875 May 3
                         1876 Mar. 1
                         1878 Mar. 21
                         1880 May 27
                         1886 Dec. 16, plus enclosure (clipping)
                         1890 Jan. 10
Fish, Julia:  1884 Dec. 15

Box 2, Folder 6
Forbes-Grant:
Forbes, John Murray:  1871 Sept. 28
                                    1894 Oct. 22
                                    1894 Dec. 13
Foster, Dwight:  1873 Apr. 19
Frelinghuysen, Frederick T.:  1876 Mar. 17
                                               Undated manuscript original of telegram sent by E.R.H. to Frelinghuysen
Fremont, J.C.:  1857 Nov. 28
French, Daniel Chester:  Photograph (H.G. Smith, Boston) of D.C. French, inscribed on verso “With the compliments of Dan. C. French.  Washington, D.C., March 27 ‘78.  (Taken in ‘74.)”
                                      1886 Dec. 17
Garfield, J.A.:  1880 July 3
Grant, Ulysses S.:  1870 Feb. 14
                              1870 Mar. 5, plus envelope
                              1870 Mar. 10
                              1870 Apr. 27
                              1870 June 4
                              1870 June 15, plus envelope
                              1870 June 15
                              1870 Sept. 3

Box 2, Folder 7
Gray-Higginson:
Gray, Horace:  1882 Sept. 25, plus enclosure (photograph)
Gurney, E.W.:  1864 Jan. 5
                         1864 Apr. 4
                         1864 Sept. 13
Hale, Edward Everett:  1869 May 14
                                     [1871 Oct. 3]
                                    1875 Apr. 20
                                    [1877]
Hamlin, H.:  1876 Apr. 8
Hawthorne, Nathaniel:  1860 Aug. 9
                                     1862 Sept. 5
Hawthorne, Una:  [1864 May --]
Hayes, R.B.:  1876 June 28
Herford, Brooke:  1890 Mar. 26
Higginson, Stephen:  1862 Sept. 9
Higginson, Thomas Wentworth:  1869 Apr. 4, with clipping attach

Box 2, Folder 8
Hoar-Holmes, John:
Hoar, Edward Sherman (brother):  [1869] Mar. 28
Hoar, George Frisbie (brother):  1876 Mar. 11
Hoar, Samuel (father):  [undated]
Hoar, Samuel (son)*:  1859 July 29
                                   1866 Mar. 6
                                   1869 Jan. 17
*Civil War letters home (1862-1863) from E.R.H.’s son Samuel are filed in Series IV.
Holmes, John:  [1873 Dec. 22] note to accompany a bottle of wine
                        1874 July 29
                        1875 Mar. 30
                        1883 Feb. 9
                        1892 Feb. 13
                        1892 Mar. 16
                        1892 July 23
                        1893 May 9
                        1893 Aug.
                        1893 Aug. 2
                        1894 Mar. 26

Box 2, Folder 9
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Sr. and Jr.:
Holmes, Oliver Wendell (1809-1894):  1861 July 24
                                                             1862 July 9
                                                             1870 June 23
                                                             1873 Oct. 2
                                                             1876 Aug. 2
                                                             1877 Jan. 28
                                                             1878 Dec. 4
                                                             1879 June 14
                                                             1879 Sept. 23
                                                             1880 June 15
                                                             1882 May 13
                                                             1883 June 21
                                                             1883 July 8
                                                             1884 June 26
                                                             1886 Apr. 27, plus envelope
                                                             1886 July 15, plus printed enclosure regarding presentation to Holmes of honorary doctorate by Harvard
                                                             1889 Sept. 30
                                                              [1889] Oct. 28
                                                             1891 Aug. 15
                                                             1892 May 31
                                                             1892 July 19
                                                             1892 Aug. 16
                                                             1893 May 10
                                                             1894 Mar. 29
Holmes, Oliver Wendell (1841-1935):  1893 Jan. 5

Box 2, Folder 10
Howes-Pierrepont:
Howes, Charles:  [1862] Dec. 11 [17?]
Hughes, Thomas:  1871 Feb. 10, plus envelope
                             1880 July 6
Ingersoll, Charles R.:  1875 June 5
Johnson, Andrew:  Undated, signed note on plain card
Lauder, Mrs. F.W.:  1876 Dec. 28
Lord, Elizabeth F.:  1893 Jan. 23
Mellen?, W.R.G.:  [no year given] July 21
Motley, John Lothrop:  1861 July 14
                                     1861 July 15
Muncie?, Charles:  1847 Apr.
Northcote, Stafford H.:  Engraved card (undated)
Norton, Charles Eliot:  1892 Nov. 19
                                    1892 Thanksgiving Day
Palfray, Charles W.:  1894 Oct. 8
                                  1895 Nov. 13*
*E.R.H. died  1895 Jan. 31
Pierrepont, Edwards:  1869 Apr. 12
                                    1869 Apr. 15
                                    1875 July 6

Box 2, Folder 11
Rhodes-Ware:
Rhodes, James Ford:  1894 Dec. 20 (on “Pagnon’s Luxor Hotel” letterhead)
Rice, Alex. H.:  1871 Sept. 27
Russell, M.G.:  1895 Jan. 4
Schurz, Carl:  1878 Oct. 30
Sherman, William T.:  1869 May 21
                                   1869 May 28
                                   1875 June 22
Story, William Wetmore:  1882 May 30
Sumner, Charles:  1860 Jan. 14
                             1862 June 3
                             1865 Jan. 19
                             [1870 Apr.] Monday
                             [1870 Apr.] Tuesday
                             1871 Sept. 3
Tenterden, Lord (Abbott, Charles Stuart Aubrey): 1873 Aug. 13
Thornton, Edw.:  1879 Aug. 27
Walcott, H.P.:  1891 Aug. 12
Ware, Darwin (for Harvard College):  1888 Sept. 8, regarding gift to College of portrait of E.R.H.

Box 2, Folder 12
Washington-Winthrop:
Washington, Booker T.:  1894 Oct. 31
Whittier, John G.:  1887 Dec. 19 (printed note of thanks, with signature)
Willard, Samuel:  [no year given] Nov. 7
                            1877 May 1
                            1882 Feb. 22
Winthrop, Robert Charles:  Undated letter to F.E. Packer

Box 2, Folder 13
Envelopes (separated from letters prior to donation to CFPL, 3/99):  15 total (12 addressed to E.R.H., 3 to Mrs. E.R.H.)
 

B.  Responses to Committee on General Invitations for the celebration in Concord of the centennial of the Concord Fight, 1874-1875, alphabetically by respondent  (addressed variously to the Committee on General Invitations, of which E.R. Hoar was a member, to E.R. Hoar personally, or to Samuel Hoar, son of E.R. Hoar, who was Secretary of the larger Committee of Arrangements for the celebration):

Box 2, Folder 14
Anthony, A.B.:  1875 Apr. 17
Banks, N.P. (for Town of Waltham):  1875 Apr. 13
Childs, George W.:  1875 Apr. 3
Choate, Joseph H.:  1875 Apr. 13
Clemens, Samuel L.:  [1875] Mar. 6
Douglass, Frederick:  1875 Apr. 16
Edmunds, George F.:  1875 Mar. 20
Evarts, William M.:  1875 Apr. 3
Fish, Hamilton:  1875 Apr. 12
French, Daniel Chester:  1875 Mar. 6
Garrison, William Lloyd:  1875 Apr. 12
Hamlin, Hannibal:  1875 Apr. 10
Hancock, Winfield Scott:  1875 Apr. 13
Holmes, Oliver Wendell:  [1875] Apr. 17
Reid, J. Whitelaw:  [1875] Apr. 11
Revere, John:  1875 Apr. 16
Sherman, William T.:  1874 Dec. 7
                                   1875 Apr. 5
Whittier, John G.:  1875 Apr. 4
 

C.  Manuscripts, [182-]-[1890]:

Box 2, Folder 15
--“The History of Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar, written by his sister, Elizabeth Hoar.  Designed for the use of  young persons” ([182-]). Printed in Social Circle in Concord memoir of E.R.H., 4th series, p. 7.
--Historical notes and verse on American Revolution and 19th of April
--Historical notes on Harvard College (in Concord 1775/1776)
--“Deposition of the Wife of Capt. Davis” (ms. copy), read by E.R. Hoar at centennial celebration of Concord Fight, 1875.  See Social Circle memoir of E.R.H., 4th series, p. 93.
--“Speakers” (manuscript list)
--“The Chandos Portrait of Shakespeare”

Box 2, Folder 16
--“Ode to the Fourth Article,” initialled and dated (“SHN [Stafford H. Northcote] May 1871”)
--“Ode to the Fourth Article” (partial manuscript copy)
--Verses beginning “Says Mr. Fish, The American wish ... ”
--Verses captioned “Waldo Higginson,” “Henry W. Torrey,” “Mr. John S. Dwight”, “Charles Storey,” and (following verses) “John Holmes, by M.L.W.”
--Financial listing, “Average for 15 years 508.86” (on American Unitarian Association letterhead)
--[Anniversary verse for Mr. and Mrs. E.R. Hoar, 1890]

Box 6, Folder 1
--(OVERSIZE) “An act to provide for certain deficiencies in the appropriations for the Post Office Department for the year ending February 18th 1862” (manuscript)
 

D.  Printed ephemera, 1820-1885:

Box 2, Folder 17
--Printed pamphlet:  Sir Francis and Henry: Characters from Real Life: A Tale (Boston: Wells and Lilly, 1820).  Inscribed on title-page: “Rockwood Hoar new year gift from M. Haywood.”
--Printed program:  Harvard University, Cambridge. Order of Performances for Exhibition, Tuesday, April 28, 1835 (Cambridge: Printed by Charles Folsom, 1835).  E.R. Hoar is the last speaker on the program--“15.  An English Oration.  ‘Reverence.’ Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar, Concord.”
--Printed admission ticket to Temple Church
--Printed Passages from a Letter by Judge E. Rockwood Hoar to His Son, Samuel Hoar, Who Had Just Started for the War (from a letter dated 1862 Dec. 15; original manuscript letter in Series IV of Hoar Family Papers) (2 copies)
--Printed pamphlet:  Hudson, Charles.  Abstract of the History of Lexington, Mass. from Its First Settlement to the Centennial Anniversary of the Declaration of Our National Independence (Boston: Press of T. Marrin & Son, 1876)
--Printed invitation to reunion dinner of the “Med.Fac.” club (Harvard)
--Printed Delmonico’s menu, 1885 Apr. 6, with autographs on verso (Wm. M. Evarts, Henry Ward Beecher)

Box 6, Folder 2
(OVERSIZE) Printed political cartoon, captioned “The Widow,” including caricature of E.R.H.
 
 

SERIES III.  LETTERS TO CAROLINE HOAR
(DAUGHTER OF E.R. AND CAROLINE BROOKS HOAR), 1853-1862
(exclusive of Civil War letters home from brother Samuel, 1862-1863,
which are filed chronologically in Series IV):

A.  Letters, 1853-1861:

Box 3, Folder 1
--From sister Clara Hoar:  1861 Jan. 29, plus envelope
--From sister Elizabeth (Beth) Hoar:  1860 Jan., plus envelope
--From brother Samuel Hoar:  [no year given] Mar. 7
                                                 [no year given] Aug. 16, plus envelope
                                                1857 July 5
                                                1857 July 22
                                                1858 Aug. 8
                                                1859 Aug. 7, plus envelope
                                                1860 Mar. 4
                                                1860 Aug. 6
                                                1861 Jan.
                                                1861 Jan. 18 (handwriting varies from that in other letters), with added note in a second hand
                                                1861 Apr. 29, with note from sister Elizabeth added at end
                                                 [1861] May 20, with note from Samuel to “My Dear Aunt,” dated May 18
                                                1861 June 3
                                                1861 June 24
                                                1861 July 29
                                                1861 Aug. 12
--From grandmother Sarah Sherman Hoar: 1853 Oct. 1
 

B.  Envelopes (one postmarked 1862)

Box 3, Folder 2
3 total (2 not postmarked; 1 postmarked 1862)
 
 

SERIES IV.  SAMUEL (1845-1904) HOAR
AND HELEN PUTNAM WADLEIGH HOAR PAPERS,
[ca. 1850]-1931:

A.  Samuel Hoar papers, [ca. 1850]-1904:


B.  Letters from son Samuel Hoar (1887-1952) to father Samuel and/or mother Helen Putnam Wadleigh Hoar, 1894-1905, chronologically:

Box 4, Folder 9
1894-1899 Feb.:
--[Undated]:  “Dear Mama”
--[No year given] Apr. 15:  “Dear Papa”
--1894 Nov. 7:  “The Birds Home” (composition, signed “For Mama to Keep”)
--[No year given] Nov. 15:  “Dear Mama”
--[Undated]:  “Dear Mama”
--[Undated]:  “Paw-Ball” (verses)
--1895 Feb. 21:  “Dear Mama”
--1896 Mar. 27:  “Dear Mama”
--1896 Apr. 2:  “Dear Papa”
--1896 Apr. 6:  “Dear Mama”
--1896 Sept. 26:  “Dear Jack” (Samuel’s brother John)
--[1898?]:  “Dear Mama”
--1898 Jan. 8:  “Dear Papa”
--[1898] Jan. 22:  “Dear Mama”; with letter to “Dear Papa” on inside of folded note paper
--1899 Jan. 30:  “Dear Papa”
--1899 Jan. 30:  “Dear Papa”; with added note dated 1899 Jan. 31
--1899 Feb. 6:  “Dear Papa”
--1899 [Feb. --]:  “Dear Mama”
--1899 Feb. 26:  “Dear Papa”
--1899 Feb. 26:  “Dear Mother”

Box 4, Folder 10
1899 Mar.-1905:
--1899 Mar. 6:  “Dear Papa”
--1899 Apr. 1:  “Dear Mama & Papa”
--1904 Apr. 27:  “Dear Mama”
--1905 Jan. 12:  “Dear Mama”
--1905 Feb. 19:  “Dear Mother”
--1905 Feb. 26:  “Dear Mother”
--1905 Mar. 5:  “Dear Mother”
--1905 Mar. 12:  “Dear Mother”
--1905 Mar. 19:  “Dear Mother”
--1905 Apr. 9:  “Dear Mother,” plus envelope
--1905 Apr. 16:  “Dear Mother”
--1905 Apr. 20:  “Dear Mamma”
--1905 July 18:  “Dear Mother” (postcard)
 

C.  Academic reports and correspondence, primarily to mother Helen P.W. Hoar, relating to progress and conduct in school of Samuel (1887-1952) Hoar, 1899-1906, chronologically:

Box 4, Folder 11
1899-1903:
--1899 Sept.:  Concord High School Scholarship Report
--1899 Oct. & Nov.:  Concord High School Scholarship Report
--1900 Apr. & May.:  Concord High School Scholarship Report
--1900 (end of academic year):  Concord High School Scholarship Report
--1901 Apr. & May:  Concord High School Scholarship Report
--1901 June:  ALS, W.L. Eaton (Concord Supt. of Schools), to Mrs. Hoar
--1901 Dec. 9:  TLS, Frederick Winsor, Headmaster, Middlesex School, to Mrs. Hoar
--1901 Dec. 30:  TLS, Frederick Winsor to Mrs. Hoar
--1902 Mar. 8:  TLS, Frederick Winsor to Mrs. Hoar
--1902 Mar. 31:  TLS, Frederick Winsor to Mrs. Hoar
--1902 July 10:  TLS, Frederick Winsor to Mrs. Hoar
--1902 Nov. 19:  TLS, Frederick Winsor to Mrs. Hoar
--1902 Dec. 20:  Progress report, Middlesex School
--1903 Feb. 21:  Progress report, Middlesex School
--1903 Feb. 28:  TLS, Frederick Winsor to Mrs. Hoar
--1903 Apr. 8:  Progress report, Middlesex School
--1903 June 18:  Progress report, Middlesex School
--1903 July 8:  TLS, Frederick Winsor to Mrs. Hoar
--1903 Nov. 6:  Progress report, Middlesex School
--1903 Dec. 17:  Progress report, Middlesex School
--1903 Dec. 24:  ALS, Frederick Winsor to Mr. Hoar

Box 4, Folder 12
1904-1906:
--1904 Feb. 14:  Progress report, Middlesex School
--1904 Mar. 31:  Progress report, Middlesex School
--1904 June 16:  Progress report, Middlesex School
--1904 Nov. 12:  Progress report, Middlesex School
--1904 Nov. 25:  TLS, Frederick Winsor to Mrs. Hoar
--1904 Dec. 21:  Progress report, Middlesex School
--1905 Feb. 11:  Progress report, Middlesex School
--1905 Feb. 21:  TLS, Frederick Winsor to “Miss Hoar” [sic]
--1905 Mar. 29:  Progress report, Middlesex School
--1906 Mar. 9:  TLS, E.H. Wells, Harvard University, to Mrs. Hoar
--1906 Mar. 16:  TLS, E.H. Wells to Mrs. Hoar
--1906 [June]:  Academic report, Harvard University
--1906 July 9:  TLS, E.H. Wells to Mrs. Hoar, reporting S.H.’s failure to win promotion to sophomore class
--1906 July 12:  TLS, E.H. Wells to Mrs. Hoar, regarding possibility of summer school for S.H.
 

D.  Helen Putnam Wadleigh Hoar papers, 1893-1931:

D.1.  Letters to H.P.W. Hoar, 1893-1927, alphabetically by correspondent:

Box 4, Folder 13
Adams-Hoar:
Adams, Charles Francis:  1904 Apr. 11
                                        1905 Jan. 3
                                        1907 Jan. 13
Aldrich, Lilian:  [undated]
                         [no year given] July 29, with added note by T.B. Aldrich
Aldrich, Thomas Bailey:  1905 Jan. 8
Allen, Charles:  1904 Apr. 15, to “My dear Bowles” (Samuel Bowles, husband of Samuel Hoar’s sister Elizabeth and brother-in-law of H.P.W. Hoar), regarding funeral of Samuel Hoar in 1904
Carr, Walter A.:  1904 Apr. 4
Dawes, H.L.:  1893 Feb. 19
Eliot, Charles W.:  1904 Nov. 20
                              1907 May 11
                              1907 May 15, plus enclosure (manuscript text of monument inscription in memory of Samuel Hoar)
                              1907 July 17
Garrett, Edmund H.:  1903 Apr. 6
Gielow?, Martha L.:  1903 Mar. 10
Goodspeed, George T.:  1927 Mar. 8
Higginson, Henry Lee:  1904 Apr. 17
                                      1904 Dec. 18
Hoar, George Frisbie:  1900 Dec. 11
[Hoar, Samuel]:  Valentine poem [undated]

Box 4, Folder 14
Houston-White:
Houston, Jennie R. (Mrs. F.A.):  [undated]
Hudson, Woodward:  1904 Dec. 19
Laurence, William:  1904 Dec. 26
M., W.B.:  [1906] Apr. 4, plus accompanying letter, “Dear Samuel,” from H.P.W. Hoar, 1906 Apr. 5
[Storer, Sarah]:  1906 Jan. 11
Storey, Moorfield:  1904 Apr. 11
                               1905 Mar. 22
Ward, May Alden:  [undated]
White, Horace:  1903 July 14
 

D.2.  Items relating to daughter-in-law Helen V.V.W. Hoar’s injury while abroad, 1930:

Box 4, Item 15
--Telegram from son Samuel Hoar to Wlt. Warren, American Sugar Co., Boston, 1930 July 5, from London
--Letter to (the elder) Mrs. Hoar from Cousin Isabel, regarding daughter-in-law and grandchildren. 1930 July 15, from Ross-on-Wye, Herefordshire

D.3.  Letters and keepsakes from grandchildren Cynthia and Virginia Hoar, 1922-1931:

Box 4, Folder 16
From Cynthia, 1922-1931

Box 4, Folder 17
From Virginia, ca. 1926-1931
 

D.4.  Financial, 1900:

Box 4, Folder 18
Receipted bill from son Samuel Hoar for allowance, 1900 Feb.


 SERIES V.  SAMUEL (1887-1952) HOAR PAPERS, [189-]-1935:

Box 5, Folder 1
A.  Letters, 1894-1935, alphabetically by correspondent
 

B.  Manuscripts, [189-] and [undated]:

Box 5, Folder 2
Samuel Hoar’s pencil and watercolor botany book, [189-]

Box 5, Folder 3
Notes relating to legal cases, [undated] (2 items)
 

C.  Printed ephemera, 1909:
Box 5, Folder 4
Harvard Freshman Musical Clubs programs:
 --1909 May 8
 --1909 May 23
 
 

SERIES VI.  FAMILY COLLECTION (PRIMARILY MISCELLANEOUS MANUSCRIPT
ITEMS WITH SOME CONNECTION TO HOAR FAMILY OR TO
FAMILIES RELATED BY MARRIAGE), 1738-1958:

Box 5, Folder 5
Peter Wheeler papers (1776; 1811)
Peter Wheeler married Phebe Brooks of Lincoln in 1788.  These Wheeler papers may have come into the Hoar family through Caroline Brooks (Mrs. Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar).

Box 5, Folder 6
Biographical and genealogical typescript about Samuel (1778-1856) and Sarah Sherman Hoar

Box 5, Folder 7
H.W. Longfellow note excusing G.M. Brooks from German at Harvard
This note likely came into the papers through Caroline Brooks Hoar, half-sister of George Merrick Brooks.  Longfellow taught at Harvard from 1836.

Box 5, Folder 8
Wadleigh family papers (1855; 1888):
--Temperance pledge, Mason W. Tappan to B. Wadleigh, 1855 July 6
--Wadleigh records: entries for births, marriages, and deaths, 1831-1888 (apparently recorded 1888)
These papers came into the collection through Helen Putnam Wadleigh Hoar, wife of Samuel (1845-1904) Hoar.

Box 5, Folder 9
Richard Colt Hoare letter to “Dear Sir,” to accompany gift of one of R.C.H.’s books to London Library (letter apparently removed from scrapbook or other mount)
Richard Colt Hoare (1758-1838) was a British historian and author.  He lived in Stourhead.

Box 5, Folder 10
One page from “A Book of Record for the Church of Christ in Concord” [First Parish in Concord], containing covenant (transcript?; dated 1738)

Box 5, Folder 11
ALS, Elisha Jones of Concord to Lewis Vose of Milton, 1797 Mar. 14, regarding payment of taxes for Benjamin Harwood of Flintstown [Maine]

Box 5, Folder 12
Receipt for payment, Charitable Female Society to E. Thoreau, 1824 Jan. 27, for schooling 12 children (mounted on paper backing)

Box 5, Folder 13
Autographs (removed from letters)--Josiah Bartlett (in envelope); J. Appleton Burns; Benjamin Butler (3 items)

Box 5, Folder 14
TLS, Amy Lowell to Mrs. Wendell, 1919 Aug. 14, declining invitation to join Colonial Dames

Box 5, Folder 15
Rich family items (2 items; 1 housed in Box 7):
--Receipt to Eugene F. Rich for payment to D. Francis Murphy, General Insurance, Hudson, Mass., 1958 Apr. 12
--Military dog tag, John E. Rich  (SEPARATELY BOXED IN BOX  7, ITEM 2)
Virginia Hoar Frecha recalls that a member of the Rich family worked for her mother, Helen Van Voast Warren Hoar.

Box 5, Folder 16
Clippings (various topics; some relating to Senator G.F. Hoar, some to Patriots’ Day in Concord (6 items)
 
 

BOX 6, CONTAINING OVERSIZE ITEMS FROM SERIES II AND IV:

Folder 1
From Series II.  Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar papers, [182-]-1895, Subseries C.  Manuscripts, [182-]-[1890]:
“An act to provide for certain deficiencies in the Post Office Department for the year ending February 18th 1862”
(OVERSIZE, FROM BOX 2, FOLDER 16)

Folder 2
From Series II.  Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar papers, [182-]-1895, Subseries D.  Printed ephemera, 1820-1885:
Printed political cartoon, captioned “The Widow,” including caricature of  E.R.H. (OVERSIZE, FROM BOX 2, FOLDER 17)

Folder 3
From Series IV.  Samuel (1845-1904) Hoar and Helen Putnam Wadleigh Hoar papers, [ca. 1850]-1931, Subseries A.  Samuel Hoar papers, [ca. 1850]-1904, 7.  Civil War newspapers, 1863-1865:
--The Opelousas Courier, 1863 Jan. 17
--The Opelousas Courier, 1863 Apr. 30 (printed on blank verso of wallpaper)
--The New York Herald, 1865 Jan. 1 (OVERSIZE, FROM BOX 4)

Folder 4
From Series IV.  Samuel (1845-1904) Hoar and Helen Putnam Wadleigh Hoar papers, [ca. 1850]-1931, Subseries A.  Samuel Hoar papers, [ca. 1850]-1904, 8. Passports, 1878, 1898:
--1878
--1898  (OVERSIZE, FROM BOX 4)
 
 

BOX 7, CONTAINING SEPARATELY BOXED ITEMS
FROM SERIES IV AND VI:

Item 1
From Series IV.  Samuel (1845-1904) Hoar and Helen Putnam Wadleigh Hoar papers, [ca. 1850]-1931, Subseries A.  Samuel Hoar papers, [ca. 1850]-1904, 6.  Daguerreotype of Samuel Hoar as a young boy, [ca. 1850] (SEPARATELY HOUSED FROM BOX 4)

Item 2
From Series VI.  Family collection (primarily miscellaneous manuscript items with some connection to Hoar family or to families related by marriage), 1738-1958, Folder 15.  Rich family items:
Military dog tag, John E. Rich  (SEPARATELY HOUSED FROM BOX 5, FOLDER 15)
Virginia Hoar Frecha recalls that a member of the Rich family worked for her mother, Helen Van Voast Warren Hoar.
 
 

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